Daylily Society Resources

Our Members are our most valuable resource.

Members can provide support, advice, and resources to other members, as well as help promote the society and its mission.

North Florida Daylily Society Resources

The NF Daylily society’s most valuable resource is its members, who often have a wealth of knowledge and experience in growing and hybridizing daylilies. Members can provide support, advice, and resources to other members, as well as help promote the society and its mission.

Publications can help members stay informed about the latest research and developments in the field of daylily cultivation and hybridization.

The NF Daylily society often hosts shows and events where members can exhibit their daylilies, learn from experts, and connect with other enthusiasts.

Many daylily societies maintain gardens or collections of daylilies that members can visit and learn from. These gardens can be a valuable resource for members who want to see different varieties of daylilies and learn how they grow in different conditions. There are over 250 official display gardens throughout the United States, with four in Florida and others in South East Georgia where you can view a variety of modern daylilies in a garden setting.

HOW TO GROW DAYLILIES

Growing Daylilies

HOW TO GROW DAYLILIES

Daylilies hemerocallis spp. are a perennial providing a rainbow of colorful blooms from white to black. The width of the blooms can be as small as 3 inches to 7 or more inches wide. The flowers rest on leafless stalks known as “scapes” that stand above the foliage. The scapes can be 10 to 66 inches high. Given proper attention, they will multiply on their own. The best varieties for the South are evergreen and semi-evergreen. Dormant varieties are better suited to colder climates.

SOIL

Daylilies adapt well to a variety of soils from clay to sand. Ideally, well-drained moist, fertile loamy soil. The best way to create this soil environment is to add 2-3 inches of compost, mushroom compost, leaf mold, well-rotted manure, pine mulch or peat. The use of these types of organic matter increases earthworms to keep the soil aerated and decreases reliance on commercial fertilizers. When growing daylilies in pots if not dividing yearly the introduction of earthworms will break down the soil which may become non-porous and muddy.

 SUN

Daylilies thrive in full sun with the exception of the darker colors which are better suited to morning sun and less exposure to hot, afternoon sun.

WATER

During the growing season – spring through early fall – the soil should not be allowed to dry out completely. Make sure the plants get about 1 inch of water each week to encourage feeder root production. If rainfall is insufficient or you see foliage wilting or discoloring, water as needed to maintain damp to moist roots and soil. Deep soaking less frequently is better than an everyday splash from a watering can. In the winter dormant season, with slower evaporation and no active growth, be extra careful not to over-water. Too much water from constant rain or over-watering can promote root rot and plant diseases. Watering daylilies in pots or planters: These daylilies will require more attention to watering. Use the finger test each day to check soil moisture. Provide water when the top inch or two of the soil has dried. After a week or two of daily testing, you will know how often to water. Keep the seasons in mind – more water in the summer, less in the winter. Watering daylilies with an automated irrigation system: Set your timer to water during the early morning hours as evening watering can lead to fungus and other foliage diseases. During the first few weeks after planting, check soil moisture often and adjust irrigation to maintain moist soil. During the bloom season overhead watering in the morning will cause discoloration to the blooms. An alternative to morning watering is to water later in the day with enough time left in the day for the plants to dry or hand watering below the bloom height.

FERTILIZER

Green Edge, Milorganite or other bio-solids can be applied year-round without the worry of burning the plants. A low-nitrogen fertilizer will stimulate root growth rather than foliage. In the spring an application of a granular high nitrogen fertilizer is recommended to stimulate fast growth. Water-soluble fertilizers are also recommended in conjunction with granular fertilizer.

WHEN AND HOW TO PLANT

Daylilies can be planted any month of the year in warm climates. Daylilies can also be moved during the bloom season which aids in color groupings and scape heights but may reduce the number of blooms. Excess foliage and scapes, however, should be cut off for quicker recovery. Apply a layer of mulch – pine straw or decomposed leaves and grass clippings – but do not cover the crown of the plant. If you want a dramatic showing of blooms, plant 18 inches apart. If you want to plan for growth, space about three feet apart. Dig a hole the size of the roots. If the soil is sand or heavy clay, add organic matter. Make a cone-shaped mound just below the surface of the soil and place the crown on this mound and angle the roots outwards. This reduces the possibility of root rot. Water when the hole is two-thirds full then replace the rest of the soil with the crown (where the roots and foliage meet) no deeper than one inch below the soil. Leave a slight depression to make watering easier. Cut the foliage back to 6-8 inches and water. Never plant too deep because you can stunt growth.

MULCHING

Mulching has the desirable advantage of retaining moisture and discouraging weeds during the summer months. Do not let the ground dry out for it is nearly impossible to wet the ground unless you remove the mulch. Successful mulching can be done with any number of materials such as pine straw, old sawdust, pine bark, wood shavings and chips, decomposed leaves, and decomposed grass clippings. The mulching material should be about 1-2 inches after it has settled. Be sure to check the soil Ph yearly if using mulching materials and do not smother the crown with mulch material.

DIVIDING PLANTS

Some daylilies respond to division every two to four years. Waiting longer causes overcrowding which may reduce the health of the clump. Cut the clump apart with a knife if necessary. The best time of year to divide and transplant is early to mid-fall as it will promote better spring blooming. Water the transplants often. If introducing potted daylilies into your garden it is recommended to remove them from the pot and thoroughly wash the roots to preclude the introduction of any unwanted weeds or seeds.

PESTS AND DISEASES

Daylilies have few insect problems. Attacks of aphids (spring), thrips (summer), slugs, or spider mites (summer) can be controlled by insecticidal soap, or try introducing ladybugs into the garden. Rust and streak are fungal issues. Thrips – control with Orthene, Pyrethrin, or rotenone but spray multiple times soaking both the tops and bottoms of leaves. It’s best to spray while plants are full of buds. A rust prevention regimen is recommended to establish a preventative spraying program at the onset of the growth season using products such as Fertiloam II and Advantage 3 in 1. Other products are also available at your local garden centers or through the Internet. It is highly recommended to only use chemicals with caution by reading and following product directions.

 

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ANNUAL MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE FOR DAYLILIES

ANNUAL MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE FOR DAYLILIES

September 15

1.  Deep spade or rototill to get air in the soil if your soil is compacted.
2.  Add compost
3.  Deep spade or rototill again
4.  Add dolomite lime (the magnesium makes the daylily leaves green).
5.  Apply Milorganite or Green Edge at the time of planting, early spring, and mid-summer after flowers bloom.
6.  Deep spade or rototill again
7.  Wet with a hose
8.  Prepare (cut off tops and root trim) plants to put back in the ground
9.  Put two handfuls of Milorganite or Green Edge in the daylily hole.
10.  Plant 2 to 3 fans in a hole.

October, November, December, and January

1.  Make your first application of a mineral fertilizer such as 6-6-6. Do this once.
2.  If days are warm, check for aphids or other pests. Spray for thrips in January and February, if needed.
3.  Apply Miracle Grow once a week.

February

1.  Water twice a day – morning and sunset.
2. Increase nitrogen with 16-4-8. You want to grow the root system large and quickly.
3.  Miracle Grow every week.
4.  Add dolomite lime (the magnesium makes the daylily leaves green).

March, April, and May

Repeat what you did in February but after April, water only once a day. Deadhead spent blooms.

June, July, and August

1.  Fertilize with Milorganite or Green Edge.
2.  Remove unwanted seed pods, spent blooms, and scapes.

GENERAL MAINTENANCE

Remove yellowed leaves throughout the growing season to encourage the plant to produce new leaves. Remove spent blooms to keep the plant tidy. Once a scape has bloomed out all the buds, remove it from the plant.

Avoid allowing daylilies to go to seed which distracts energy from flower production. Remove the seed pods. Hybrid daylily seeds will not grow true to the parent.

Daylilies thrive on high fertility, good drainage, and moist conditions.

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Selecting Daylilies For The Landscape

Selecting Daylilies For The Landscape

When selecting daylilies for your landscape, think about the following:

1.  Choose daylilies that grow, over winter, and perform well in our area. Try to avoid “dormant” varieties as they perform better in colder climates. In the South, select evergreen and semi-evergreen daylilies.
2.  Choose daylilies from several blooming seasons to extend the season:

Extra Early – These daylilies are the first to bloom, and vary from March or April in the extreme South, to May or June in the north.

Early – These daylilies bloom three to five weeks prior to the mass of bloom at midseason.

Early Midseason – These daylilies bloom one to three weeks before the height of bloom of most cultivars.

Midseason – These daylilies bloom at the peak of the daylily bloom in your own garden. This ranges from May in the South to July in the North.

Late Midseason – These daylilies bloom one to three weeks after the height or peak of bloom in your garden.

Late – These daylilies bloom when most others have finished blooming, usually four to six weeks after the peak of the season.

Very Late – These daylilies are the last to bloom, often late in the summer in the South, fall in the North.

Rebloomer – These daylilies bloom more than one time during a single season. Some bloom early (e.g., May or June) and then repeat in the fall. Others have a succession of bloom periods, one shortly after another for several months. (from American Daylily Society website)

3.  Choose daylilies with good branching to display its flowers and carry more buds. This information is available on the American Daylily database.

4.  Choose daylilies with a high bud count for lots of flowers. Again, check the database.

5.  Choose daylilies likely to stand up to the heat.

These American Daylily Society links may be helpful in making your selections:

Award of Merit – this award is given to signify that a cultivar performs well over a wide geographic area. The award is given each year to the twelve registered daylilies receiving the most votes by the garden judges under the following formula: A cultivar must receive votes from at least half of the regions, and not more than one-third of the total votes credited to a cultivar shall come from any one region. See Award of Merit.

Stout Silver Medal – This is the highest award a cultivar can receive. This annual award–as voted by AHS Garden judges–can be given only to a cultivar that has first received the Award of Merit. See Stout Silver Medal.

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NFDS Members Photos
NFDS Members Photos
NFDS Members Photos

Interested In Becoming A Judge Or Learning More About Daylilies?

Want to learn more about scapes, seedlings, characteristics of daylilies, and what areas are scored by judges?

AHS Instructors in Exhibition and Garden Judging, Floyd Sewell and Kyle Billadeau are NFDaylily’s leads for training judges.  Come join a meeting where you can talk with our friendly experts.  Can’t make the meeting?  Use our Contact Us page to send us your questions.  Exhibition Judge Instructor Connie Gladding, along with Laurel Richardson, and Ray Wensell will also be happy to provide guidance and answer your questions.

The AHS Garden Judging Handbook “Judging Daylilies In the Garden” is the complete guide for AHS Garden Judges. The handbook is available for free in PDF format here.  If you prefer a full-color, glossy, paperback copy please visit Amazon.

The AHS Exhibitions Judges Handbook “Daylily Exhibitions” is the complete guide for conducting and judging Daylily Shows. It is the primary document for all AHS Judges and for those hosting Daylily Shows. It is also the basis for all judges’ training materials and also for instructors. AHS Members can download a free PDF format of the handbook here from the Portal Store. If you prefer a full-color, glossy, paperback copy please visit Amazon.

Visit The American Hemerocallis Society and the Garden Judges Home Page where you can find other valuable resources.

 

Wynns Daylily Garden
Field Trip
Field Trip 5
Field Trip 6
Field Trip
Field Trip

Florida Daylily Display Gardens

There are over 250 official display gardens throughout the United States, with four in Florida and all in North East Florida. You can view a variety of modern daylilies in a garden setting.

May and early June are the best times to see blooming daylilies.

Wynn’s Daylily Garden

Contact: Gene & Mary Wynn
Phone: (386) 938-4722
Preferred Contact Method: Phone Call, Email
Commercial Garden, Private Garden

Lilies By The Pond

Contact: Ray & Terri Wensell
Phone: (904) 215-9457
Preferred Contact Method: Phone Call, Email
Mostly Flat Terrain, Small Garden (less than one acre), Private Garden

Martha’s Madness

Contact: Martha & Francis Caldwell
Phone: (904) 272-0018
Preferred Contact Method:
Private Garden

Sea Scapes Daylilies

Contact: Floyd & Hilda Sewell
Phone: (904) 246-6422
Preferred Contact Method: Phone Call, Email
Private Garden

Meetings

Monthly meetings are usually held on the Second Sunday of each month beginning at 2:15 PM at the Orange Park, FL Library.  Please refer to the News & Events page for the monthly schedule in detail

North Florida Daylily Society Meeting

U.S. DAYLILY SOCIETY AFFILIATIONS

 

At the LOCAL level of the American Daylily Society, there are nine clubs in The State of Florida. The North Florida Daylily Society covers the northeast area of Florida and meets at the Orange Park, FL Library. 

At the REGIONAL level of the American Daylily Society, there are fifteen regions in the United States. The State of Florida is Region 12.

The NATIONAL association for daylilies in the United States is the American Daylily Society (ADS) which was formerly known as the American Hemerocallis Society. For more information, visit them here. Their online database of 89,000 daylily cultivars is very useful to daylily enthusiasts.

Get in Touch

Email Us

nfds@nfdaylily.com

Membership

Meeting Location

Orange Park Library

2054 Plainfield Avenue,

Orange Park, FL 32073

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North Florida Daylily Society

A Non-Profit Educational Organization

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